Super massive black hole belch out gases in ‘H’ shape


About 60 million light-years ago from the earth in the Virgo constellation there is an elliptical galaxy, named Messier (M84). At the center of this galaxy, there is a supermassive black hole in the form of an “H” shape.

This “H” shaped dust of hot gases is at the heart of the massive galaxy. The structure of this tall “H” supermassive black hole is 40,000 light-years, which is almost two times the diameter of our galaxy which is the milky way. The diameter of the milky way is 100,000 light years.

This observation of the massive galaxy  M84 was taken by NASA’s Chandra X-ray Observatory and Karl G. Jansky’s very large Array (VLA) that something hinders the eating of black-hole. As we know black holes are super dense objects in the universe that have a great force of gravity. This image of a black hole shows that particles are blasted out to restrict the amount of gas they can feed on from certain directions.


In the picture, the gas is moved toward the center because of the gravitational influence of the supermassive black hole. The quantity of material that falls towards the surface of a black hole is equivalent to 1.5 billion times the mass of our Sun. Some particles are blasted out and these particles can clear cavities in the hot gas surrounding the black hole.

The image also gives us information about radio wavelength data which was collected by the VLA, a centimeter-wavelength radio astronomy observatory in the southwestern United States. The VLA data is seen in blue and shows the jets racing away from the black hole.

According to the estimation of astronomers, each year the matter which falls from the north of the supermassive black hole has a mass of around 500 times that of Earth. It is the only 25% of matter engulfed by the black hole.

According to the Bondi model, named after scientist Hermann Bondi, matter at equal distances from the black hole is equally affected by gravity and should therefore accrete at the same rate around the black hole. But at the center of messier 84 astronomers find out that this supermassive black hole does not obey Bondi’s model, as the matter is not falling in, or accreting equally in all directions, but instead forms the ‘H’ shape seen in Chandra’s images.

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